Odin is known as the All Father, the leader of the Norse Gods. He governs war, death, poetry, the arts and wisdome. He gave of one of his eyes to drink of the well of wisdome. His magical spear is named Gungnir. The ravens, named Hugin and Munin, are Thought and Memory. They fly the world during the day returning to tell Odin what they have witnessed. The throne depicts Odin hanging from the World Tree as a sacrifice. The old Norse runic inscription is from the Havamal and reads "nam ec up runar" which translates as, "I took up runes."